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小学英语句型转换练习题及答案,让孩子掌握句型百变之妙

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小学英语中的句型转换属于较难的题型,对孩子的英语综合能力有一定要求。除了必须掌握基础的词汇外,还要对语法知识和句子语序有很好的掌握,很多孩子在这种题型上失分比较严重,其实是他们没有掌握好方法。小学英语的句型转换有哪几种类型呢?只要掌握了方法,就不怕不会做啦!

一、肯定句改否定句的方法

1、 在be动词后加not。如:is not , are not , am not

2、 在can,should, will等后加not。

如:can not, should not,will not;

3、 上述都没有的,在动词前加助动词否定形式don’t/doesn’t/didn’t。

4、 some 改成any。

如: I am a girl. → I am not a girl.

You are a student. →You are not a student.

→You aren’t a student.

This is Tom’s bag, → This is not Tom’s bag.→ This isn’t Tom’s bag.

二、肯定句改一般疑问句的方法

1、把be动词放在句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

2、把can,shall, will等放到句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

3、上述都没有的,在句首请助动词Do/Does/Did帮忙,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

注意:句首的第一个字母要大写,句尾标点应为“?”。

如:

I am in Class 6. →Are you in Class 6?

You are from America. →Are you from  America?

It is an orange. →Is it an orange?

4、就一般疑问句回答

一般疑问句有两种回答,即:肯定回答和否定回答。其中,肯定回答用yes,否定回答用no。语句顺序为:Yes + 主语 + am /is/ are/was/were.|can.|do/does/did|; No + 主语+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t

如:

—Are you an English teacher?→Yes, I am. /No, I am not.

—Is that a bird? →Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.

三、对划线部分提问

“就划线部分提问”是小学阶段英语学习的难点,但是一旦掌握了规律,就变得容易多了。小学英语对划线部分提问之答题口诀 :

一代:用正确的疑问词代替划线部分

二移:把疑问词移至句首

三倒:颠倒主谓语,但对主语或其定语提问时除外(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)

四抄:照抄句子剩余部分

特殊疑问词的确定要根据划线内容而定,在小学阶段常出现的有以下几种:

①划线部分是“事或物”,特殊疑问词用what

如: This is a book.—What is this?

I often play football on Saturdays .—What do you often do on Saturdays ?

②划线部分是“人”,特殊疑问词用who

如:He is my brother. —Who is he ?

③划线部分是“地点”,特殊疑问词用where

如:The box is on the desk.—Where is the box ?

④划线部分是“时间”,特殊疑问词用what time或when

如:It’s seven twenty . —What time is it ?

I usually get up at six . — When do you usually get up?

⑤划线部分是“年龄”,特殊疑问词用how old

如:I am twelve . —How old are you?

My father is thirty-three . —How old is your father ?

⑥划线部分是“职业”,特殊疑问词用what

如:Mike is a worker. —What is Mike ?

⑦划线部分是“颜色”,特殊疑问词用what colour

如: My hat is blue . —What colour is your hat?

⑧划线部分是“数量”,特殊疑问词用how many或how much

如:I can see five kites .—How many kites can you see ?

There is some milk in the glass. —How much milk is there in the glass ?

⑨划线部分是“多少钱”,特殊疑问词用how much

如:This pen is nine yuan . —How much is this pen ?

⑩划线部分是“形容词性物主代词或名词性物主代词”,特殊疑问词用whose

如:That is my book . —Whose book is that ?

The bag is yours. —Whose is the bag ?

以下口诀一定要记住

1.问“谁”用who;

2.问“谁的”,用whose;

3.问“地点哪里”,用where;

4.问“原因”,用why;

5.问“身体状况”,用how;

6.问“方式”,用how;

7.问“年龄”,用how old;

8.问“多少”,用how many;

9.问”价钱”用how much;

10.问“哪一个”,用which ;

11.问“什么”,用what;

12.问“职业”,用what;

13.问“颜色”,用what colour;

14.问“星期”,用what day;

15.问什么学科,用what subject;

16.问“什么时候”,用when;

17.问几点用What’s the time?或 What time is it?

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